The world of educators and the world of students are worlds apart...
Faculty can think in sophisticated ways - they understand that knowledge can be ambiguous and can change. Authority, too, can be questioned. Facts can be tentative
Students believe that there is a right/wrong answer and that when something is published, it is a fact, carved in stone. Professors have the right answer.
Helping students shift from thinking knowledge is certain to believing it is uncertain
Constructive-developmental view of learning incorporates 2 major concepts (pg 6):
- students construct knowledge by organizing and making meaning of their experiences (Piaget)
- this construction takes place in the context of their evolving assumptions about knowledge itself and their role in creating it. (Perry - how this evolves through adult life)